Jump to navigation. The following are some common questions that people often have about the Gospel of Thomas. I will add and expand on these questions as new ones come up in discussion.
The Gospel of Thomas is extant in three Greek fragments and one Coptic manuscript. The Greek fragments are P. Oxy 1 is dated shortly after CE for paleographical reasons, and the other two Greek fragments are estimated to have been written in the mid third century.
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These elaborate stories, legends and fabrications were written by authors who were motivated to alter the history of Jesus to suit their own purposes. They built these alternative narratives on the foundational truths of the original Gospels, however, and much can be learned about the historic Jesus from these late lies. The Gospel of Thomas AD This late non-canonical text was first discovered in as part of a large collection of papyri excavated near Nag Hammadi in Egypt.
Scholars speculate that the works were buried in response to a letter from Bishop Athanasius declaring a strict canon of Christian scripture. The Coptic-language text, the second of seven contained in what modern-day scholars have designated as Codex II, is composed of sayings attributed to Jesus. The introduction states: "These are the hidden words that the living Jesus spoke and Didymos Judas Thomas wrote them down.
My thinking is that there are some evidences or characteristics that lean toward possibility of first century. First of all is to compare its style — wisdom sayings — to the hypothetical Q gospel, which is also wisdom sayings. The quasi-biographical Synoptic Gospels, in contrast, are definitely more complex writings and also are expressive of greater complexity as to motive and purpose in reflecting the goals of respective authors.
The gospel of Thomas is a collection of alleged Jesus' sayings logions. We have two versions of the uncanonical gospel today. The first was discovered in the late 's among the Oxyrhynchus Papyri, and consists of fragments of a Greek version GrGThone of those Oxy 1 dated C.
During the first few decades after its discovery several voices representing established orthodox biases argued that the Gospel of Thomas abbreviated, GTh was a late-second or third century Gnostic forgery. Scholars currently involved in Thomas studies now largely reject that view, though such arguments will still be heard from orthodox apologists and are encountered in some of the earlier publications about Thomas. Today most students would agree that the Thomas Gospel has opened a new perspective on the first voice of the Christian tradition.